Afaq Al-Althaqafa Wa Turath
Abstracts of Articles
Quranic intertextuality in the “Uyūn al-basair” by. Bashir al-Ibrahimi
Prof. Mariya Reemah Gharbi
This study attempts to elucidate the presence of Quranic intertextuality in the prose of Sheikh Bashir al-Ibrahimi, as an artistic technique in which the writer seeks to charge his texts with the wide range of semantic flavors on both intellectual and artistic levels. I decided to choose the articles of “Uyūn al-basair” as a model for the study, because of its intellectual and literary value, in fulfilling the Algerian prose experiment, through which “Ibrahimi” spread the spirit of struggle and fight for freedom, science and Arabism, fostering his text with clear evidence and miraculous language inspired by the Qur’an. As his texts are distinguished with direct and indirect Quranic intertextuality consciously and unconsciously and employed in various forms. In this study I will try to monitor and reveal the connotations signs and symbols that are behind the text in order to reach to the understandings beyond this intertextual text.
Jurist and Sultan in Andalusia during the era of the Umayyad and sects; harmony and conflict
Dr. Hisham al-Mutawakkil
The research talks about the relationship between Jurists and Sultans in certain period of time. And found that the Jurists in the era of sects formed a social group, having multiple and divergent political positions, some of them supported the sectarian Kings, and opposed others. Some Jurists opposed all sectarian kings, and disapproved their system in itself, while the others worked to reconcile among them in the interests of the Muslims by taking advantage of their position within the Andalusian community. This difference shows us that, the views of the scholars of that era, or most of them at least, were governed by several factors, such as the jurisprudence of the purposes, especially in the volatile circumstances, and terrible political gap that required the formation of a set of jurisprudence of compromise, accommodating political variables.
Mystic presence and influence of Ghazali in the thought of Ibn Khaldun; a critical and comparative approach
Dr. Melod Humaidat
A careful reading of the texts of the Ibn Khaldun on Sufism through his famous work called ‘Muqaddimah’, or his treatise titled ‘Shifaussail’ is enough to make you feel the presence of Sufism in Ibn Khaldun’s thoughts.Despite the difference of approach in both books, the mystic influence on Ibn Khaldun exists. It can not only explained as tolerance, objectivity and scientific spirit enjoyed by Ibn Khaldun; the qualities undoubtedly he had. But we go further and affirm that the mystical presence is evident in his thought. It also confirms the presence of Sufis in his thinking especially al-Ghazali, the reference to his books and citing his quotes occur repeatedly in Ibn Khaldun’s books.
Resources and financial expenses of Madeenah in the Mamluk era (648 – 923 AH)
Dr. Reem al-Harbi
The aim of this research is to study the resources and financial expenses in the principality of prophetic city Madeenah in the Mamluk era (648 – 923 AH/ 1250 – 1517 AD). It is one of the important historical aspects in its history. The study has highlighted the financial resources as tolls, both financial and in kind donations made by the Princes of supervision and its people from Mamluk sultans, Princes and senior State officials, Hajj or Islamic States Lords throughout the Mamluk era. Then he turned onto the study of the most important expenses of the Emirate in that era, such as gifts to the sultans of Egypt, and expenses of Prince on his emirate, direct and indirect taxes on the emirate. The study ended with a summary of the most important results, followed by the list of sources and references.
Poetry of Subaie bin Khatim; collection and explanation
Dr. Islam bin al-Sabti
The researcher adopted the following approach in talking about Subaie bin Khatim: Taking the poetry form the oldest source, then comparing all the texts with that source, and mentioning the differences in the margin. Explaining the difficult words from the sources. Mentioning the similar verses of poetry if any. Compiling the text on the order of rhyming. Referring all texts to their sources. That is the approach followed by researcher, before that he wrote the introduction of poet mentioning his original tribe Taim, he also mentioned the poets of this tribe and news related to the poetry of Ibn Khatim.
Approach to Aljamiado literature; the forgotten Andalusian heritage
The researcher addressed in this article to an important aspect of Islamic history which continued even with the fall of Andalusia, and resulted in the “Aljamiado literature” which was written in its own script, and stood at the concept of this term and its origin and the reasons for the Muslims to use the particular language and literature to expresses their lives with details in the light of the new circumstances that devastated their presence in Andalusia, also presented the most prominent figures of this literature and their books. The aim of this article is to shed light on the creative side of this literature which remained absent in contemporary Arab studies be it historical or comparative.
New afterthought poetic text from the book ‘al-Durr al-Farīd wa baitul Qasīd’ episode II
Dr. Abdul Raziq Huwaizi
The first episode was published in issue no (79) 2012 AH, in this esteemed magazine. This is the second episode, which focused on the book ‘al-Durr al-Farīd wa baitul Qasīd’, one of the largest poetry encyclopedias, which included huge toll of poems stanzas and poetry verses. I will confine myself in this preface before mentioning the afterthought texts to the reparations of modern scholars on this book which I did not mention there. I should say the most important motivation behind accomplishing this episode was to continue the interest which I started towards this book. In addition to other causes mentioned by ‘Mohammed Johari’ in his reparation on the book ‘kitāb al-Fuṣū